TURNER / BREWSTER
"ANCESTRAL SUMMARY: (1) William Brewster, taxed 1524, Bently cum Arksey, York, England; m. Maude Man bef. 1558; children: William and Henry. (2) William Brewster II, b. c1535, d. 1590, living in Scrooby, York, England in 1564; m. Mary (Smythe) Simkinson, dau. of William Smythe of Stainforth, Hatfield, England, widow of John Simkinson of Doncaster, York, England. (3) William Brewster of the Mayflower Will of Love Brewster BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY:
"William Brewster was the Reverend Elder of the Pilgrim's church at Plymouth, since their pastor John Robinson remained behind in Leyden, Holland with the majority of the congregation which planned to come to America at a later time. Brewster was a fugitive from the King of England, because he had published a number of religious pamphlets while in Leyden which were critical or opposed the tenets of the Church of England. He had been a member of the Separatist church movement from its very beginning, and was the oldest Mayflower passenger to have participated at the First Thanksgiving, in his early fifties.
"William Bradford wrote a lot about William Brewster in Of Plymouth Plantation, some of which follows: "After he had attained some learning, viz. the knowledge of Latin tongue,and some insight in the Greek, and spent some small time at Cambridge, and then being first seasoned with the seeds of grace and virtue, he went to the court, and served that religious and godly gentleman, Mr. Davison, divers years, when he was Secretary of State; who found him so discreet and faithful as he trusted him above all other that were about him, and only employed him in all matters of greatest trust and secrecy . . . he attended his mr. when he was sent in ambassage by the Queen into the Low Countries . . . And, at his return, the States honored him with a gold chain, and his master committed it to him, and commanded him to wear it when they arrived in England, as they rid through the country, till they came to the court . . . Afterwards he went and lived in the country, in good esteem amongt his friends and the gentlemen of those parts, especially the Godly and religious.
"He did much good in the country where he lived, in promoting and furthering religion not only by his practise and example, and provocating and encouraging of others, but by procuring of good preachers to the places thereabouts, and drawing on of others to assist and help forward in such work; he himself most commonly deepest in the charge, and sometimes above his ability. . . They ordinarily met at this house on the Lord's day, (which was a manor of the bishops) and with great lovehe entertained them when they came, making provision for them to his great charge. He was the chief of those that were taken at Boston, and suffered the greatest loss; and of the seven that were kept longest in prison, and after bound over . . . After he came into Holland he suffered much hardship, after he had spent the most of his means, having a great charge, and many children; and, in regard of his former breeding and course of life, not so fit for many employments as others were, especially as were toilsome and laborious. But yet he ever bore his condition with much cheerfulness and contention.
"Towards the later part of those 12 years spentin Holland, his outward condition was mended, and he lived well and plentifully; for he fell into a way to teach many students, who had a desire to learn the English tongue, to teach them English; . . . He also had means to set up printing, by the help of some friends . . . and by reason of many books which would not be allowed to be printed in England, they might have had more then they could do. . . . And besides that, he would labor with his hands in the fields as long as he was able; yet when the church had no other minister, he taught twice every Sabbath . . . For his personal abilities, he was qualified above many; he was wise and discreet and well spoken, having a grave and deliberate utterance, of a very cheerful spirit, very sociable and pleasant amongst his friends, of an humble and modest mind, of apeaceable disposition, undervaluing himself and his own abilities . . . inoffensive and innocent in his life and conversation 2E . . he was tender-hearted, and compassionate of such as were in misery, but especially of such as had been of good estate and rank, and were fallen into want and poverty, either for goodness and religions sake, or by the injury and oppression of others; . . . "
"FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTION: The maiden name of William Brewster's wife has not been proven. The claim it was Mary Wentworth rests solely on the fact that Mary Wentworth happened to live somewhat close to William Brewster in Scrooby, Nottingham. That is very shaky evidence to say the least. Further, it has been proposed that William Brewster may have married Mary Wyrall, but the evidence is just as flimsy for that marriage. There are no fewer than seven marriages from 1590-1610 that have been located in parish registers showing a William Brewster marrying a Mary. All, however, have been satisfactorily eliminated as probable candidates for the William and Mary (Brewster) who came on the Mayflower. So at present, there is no evidence to document who William Brewster's wife Mary actually was."
" SOURCES: 1. Mayflower Families in Progress: William Brewster for Four Generations, by Barbara Lambert Merrick, General Society of Mayflower Descendants 1994 2. New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 124:250-251 (English ancestry of William Brewster) 3. Plymouth Colony: Its History and Its People, 1620-1691, by Eugene Aubrey Stratton, 1986 4. Of Plymouth Plantation, by William Bradford, written c1630-c1654 5. The English Ancestry and Homes of the Pilgrim Fathers, by Charles Edward Banks, 1929"
[Note: The above excerpt was sent by Jane Devlin at JaneDevlin@netquest.com.]
"The [Brewster/Calkins] line proven and accepted by the Mayflwower Society is:
Jonathon Brewster who marries Lucreaia Oldham
Mary Brewster who married John Turner
Ezekiel Turner who married Susannah Keeney
Jonathon Calkins b 09Jun1678 who married Sarah Turner b 28Oct1683
Stephen Calkins b 05 Sep1700 mar. Sarah Calkins b 17Jul1703
Turner Calkins b 05Nov1736 m Phoebe Cadman b 10Oct1753
Stephen Calkins b 08Oct1776 mar Anna Smith b 27May1780."1
1. Minnie, email (email@example.com), 11 May 2003.
WILLIAM BREWSTER, b Jan 1567 (Doncaster, Yorkshire, England (or Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, England?), son of William & Mary (Smythe) Brewster of Scrooby, England, Immig. 1620 ship Mayflower, d 10 Apr 1644 (Plymouth, Plymouth Co., MA); m MARY (WENTWORTH?) 1591 (London, Middlesex, England) [b 1567/8, poss dau of Thomas & Grace (Gascoigne) Wentworth, d 17 Apr 1627 (Plymouth, MA)], children: [RESEARCH: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com, JaneDevlin@netquest.com & firstname.lastname@example.org] (had 6 children) [Proven/Accepted by Mayflower Society]
1M JONATHAN, b 12 Aug 1593 (Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, England)
JONATHAN BREWSTER, b 12 Aug 1593 (Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, England), son of William & Mary (Wentworth) Brewster, d 7 Aug 1659 (Norwich, CT); m LUCRETIA OLDHAM 10 Apr 1624 [b abt 1600, dau of William & Philippa (Sowter) Oldham of Derbyshire, England, d 4 Mar 1678/9], children: (had 8 children) [Proven/Accepted by Mayflower Society]
2F MARY, b 16 Apr 1627 (Leyden, Holland, The Netherlands (or Plymouth, MA?))
JOHN TURNER, b 1620 (England), son of Humphrey & Lydia (Gamier) Turner, d 1697 (Scituate, MA); m MARY BREWSTER 10 Nov 1645 (Plymouth, MA) [b 16 Apr 1627 (Leyden, Holland, The Netherlands (or Plymouth, MA?)), dau of Jonathan & Lucretia (Oldham) Brewster, d 1697 (Scituate, MA)], children: (had 13 children)
4M EZEKIAL, b 7 Jan 1650 (Scituate, Plymouth Co., MA)
EZEKIAL TURNER, b 7 Jan 1650 (Scituate, MA), son of John & Mary (Brewster) Turner, d 16 Jan 1703/4 (New London, CT); m SUSANNAH KEENEY 26 Dec 1678 (New London, CT) [b 6 Sep 1662 (New London, CT), d 13 Dec 1748 (New London, CT)], children: [RESEARCH: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org;email@example.com] [Proven/Accepted by Mayflower Society]
1F SARAH, b 25 Oct 1683 (New London, New London Co. CT)
2F SUSANNAH, b 2 Jan 1684/5 (New London, New London Co. CT)
3F MARY, b 30 May 1686 (New London, New London Co. CT)
4F RUTH, b 2 Mar 1687/8 (New London, New London Co. CT)
5F LYDIA, b 5 Sep 1690 (New London, New London Co. CT)
6F GRACE, b 29 Aug 1692 (New London, New London Co. CT)
7F HANNAH, b 8 Sep 1694 (New London, New London Co. CT)
8F ELIZABETH, b 5 Dec 1696 (New London, New London Co. CT)
9M EZEKIAL, b 14 Mar 1698/9 (New London, New London Co. CT) [Proven/Accepted by Mayflower Society]
10F LUCRETIA, b 20 Jan 1700/1 (New London, New London Co. CT); m JOSEPH CALKINS 28 Mar 1721 (New London, New London Co. CT)
11F ABIGAIL, 13 Mar 1702/3 (New London, New London Co. CT)
SARAH TURNER, b 25 Oct 1683 (or 28 Oct 1678?) (New London, New London Co., CT), dau Ezekiel & Susannah (Keeney) Turner, d 15 Aug 1718 (New London, CT); m JONATHAN CALKINS 11 Dec 1700 (New London, CT) [b 9 Jan 1678/9 (New London, CT), son of David & Mary (Bliss) Calkins, d 15 Jul 1750 (New London, CT)], children: [RESEARCH: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com & firstname.lastname@example.org]
1F SARAH, b 17 Jul 1703 (New London, CT)