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IMMIGRANT


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   This section was mostly created 1996 before William Eddleman, Ph.D.,concluded (Nov., 2000) that 1733 German immigrant Philip Jacob Edelmann was the father of Daniel Addleman by inspection of his signatures. Before this wonder discovery, it was theorized that his father was most likely Philip Edelman, who lived in Baltimore Co., Maryland as early as 1750. Existing research reveals that Philip and Daniel Addleman were closely associated but we have to theorize about their familial relationship. The following data was extracted from Robert P. Addleman's 1991 book, The American Addlemans, German Immigrants to Pennsylvania, which is now sold out. Two Addleman lines were presented in this Addleman book. One was that of immigrant JOHN MICHAEL ADDLEMAN (1723-1814), who immigrated in 1752. You can link to his genealogical web site at http://bobaddleman.com/. Of course, the other Addleman line was that of DANIEL ADDLEMAN, who lived in MD and VA. More information on the Addleman book can be found by returning to the home page and the Table of Contents. This data was presented in more detail so researchers could see copies of many of the supporting documents.

  

Philip Edelman


   Immigrant-1: (Unknown) Adelman or possibly Philip Adelman may have been the earliest progenitor of the group of Adelmans who eventually emigrated to Greene County, Pennsylvania (ca 1798). I have included some of the William H. Eddleman and Dr. Riley Russell Eddleman research because another researcher may someday discover the country of origin of the Adlemans that lived in Maryland, Loudoun County, Virginia and Greene County Pennsylvania. It seems logical that there may be a relationship between the 1733 Cleeburg Edelman emigrants and the later Adlemans/Edlemans found in Baltimore County, Maryland.

"Robert W. Barnes wrote "ADLEMAN, PHILIP, in Balto. Co. by 1750 as owner of 50 a. of Murphy's Retirement; as Philip Edleman, nat. in 1757; m. Margaret (?) by 1761; . . . conv. 178 a. New Germany to Philip Baker, and 15 a. Shilling's Folly and part Phillipsburg to Daniel Adleman (84; 153; 404) [Baltimore Co. Families 1659-1759: p.3]."

   Daniel Adleman (Addleman) moved to Loudoun Co., VA, in the early or middle 1760's. It is not clear whether he already married Elizabeth in Maryland or soon after he arrived in Loudoun County, Virginia. Daniel and Elizabeth Adleman had at least three children: Philip (ca 1764), John (1769) and Hannah (1770). It is apparent that researcher William H. Eddleman could not entirely clarify the genealogical picture from his Maryland records. He had no idea that Daniel's children later moved to Greene County, Pennsylvania (ca 1798). The recorded surname varied many times between Edelman, Eddleman and Addleman, but finally was firmly established as Addleman after 1800. It's too bad the information isn't currently available to validate this important link at this writing. Perhaps a future researcher will be assisted with this information and be able to deduce the correct German emigrants. This branch will be discussed in more detail in the Green Section, Chapters 16-20.

   German researcher Erich Langguth expressed a different opinion from William H. Eddleman and Dr. Weber in a 1990 letter.

" . . . The same goes for the name EDELMANN, which you wrote about in your last letter of 26 June [1990]. I "am familiar with the area in the Odenwald where they are widespread. It is hardly likely that a connection could be found between EDELMANN and ADELMANN, because there is obviously a clear boundary between the ADELMANNs who settled in the Tauber [Wertheim] Region and the EDELMANNs who settled farther west in the Odenwald. These two areas belong to the Franconian settlement and language area. It could be that the boundary between the Rhine Franconian and East Franconian dialects, which runs eastward from the Odenwald through the so-called "Bauland" (e.g. between the towns of Walldürm and Hardheim), played a role in the spread of ADELMANN on the one hand and EDELMANN on the other. But this would require very extensive, highly specialized research, which would be very costly.

"I consider the theory recorded in the Wm. H. Eddleman Collection to be incorrect -- that "E" in Swabia is supposed to have changed to "A." As I said before, both the Odenwald and the Tauber area belong to Franconia. Swabia is much farther south. But even if the EDELMANNs in the Odenwald are said to have immigrated from Switzerland, the "E" still didn't evolve into an"A" because that would mean all the Edelmanns in the Odenwald would be named Adelmann. In my own family, I have a cousin named Edelmann, who comes from the South Baden border area next to Switzerland and has the same name as the other Edelmanns in the Odenwald. The Adelmanns in the Tauber [Wertheim] area are the only exception."


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Table 1




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   Daniel Adleman was the earliest identified ancestor of one branch of the American Addlemans that has been, from a research point of view, somewhat elusive. Basic immigrant data -- such as, who, when or where -- still hasn't been determined. The focus of this chapter is not on Daniel, but rather on his heritage and ancestry. Three theories have been postulated to help organize the available data on the many early name variations: Adelman, Edelman, Eddleman and Addleman. The minimal data is not conclusive and much more research needs to be completed for the ancestors of Daniel Addleman. The earliest research on Daniel Adleman has been in Manchester, Carroll County, Maryland, ca 1760. He was next noted in Baltimore County, Maryland and finally, in Loudoun County, Virginia. Several other Edelman surname variations were noted to have lived near Lovettsville, Virginia. Daniel and his family also lived near Lovettsville, Loudoun County, Virginia in 1765. Daniel's line was firmly established through his second son, John Addleman (1769), who later moved to Greene County, Pennsylvania ca 1796. The branch was color-coded 'Green' to simplify identification (see the Green Section in the Addleman book for more descendant data).


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DANIEL'S HERITAGE


   For years, the earliest known ancestor of Daniel's line, was John Addleman (1769). Daniel's children, Phillip (ca 1765), John (1769), and Hannah (1770), moved to Morgan Township, Greene County, Pennsylvania, and were documented there in the early 1800's. Several early researchers of this line tried to hypothesize from limited data that John (1769) was a son of Hans Michael Addleman. John's true parentage was later revealed in The Addleman Quarterly. John's parents were Daniel and Elizabeth Addleman (Adleman), who had lived in Loudoun County, Virginia (1765-1796). Before this, Daniel had lived in Carroll and Baltimore Counties, Maryland (ca 1760). Daniel Addleman is theorized to possibly be the emigrant or a descendant of the emigrant-1 for this line. Additional information is required before a definitive statement can be made for Daniel Addleman or his ancestors.


   Three theories have been proposed to assist researchers in organizing the existing data on Daniel's line:


1.   Early Emigrant Theory (ca 1733) -- The parents or grandparents of Daniel Adleman emigranted from Germany to Philadelphia and lived in the German communities of Germantown, Penn., Carroll/Baltimore Co., Maryland and Loudoun Co., Virginia. Daniel would have been born in the U.S. The unknown German emigrant could have descended from the family who emigrated from Cleeburg (Zweibrueken) and arrived on the Richard & Elizabeth, 28 Sep 1733, or some other.


2.   Collateral Family Theory (ca 1738) -- The collateral families (Shoupe and Ungafare/Uncapher) were closely associated with the parents of Daniel Adleman. They may have emigrated from High Germany with John Martin Ungefare, who was naturalized 4 June 1738 in Baltimore Co., Maryland. Also, the Shoups were close friends to the Adlemans. John Shupe, Henry Shupe and Peter Edelman all had property bordering on each other in Heidleburg Twp., Lancaster Co., Pennsylvania in 1758 and future migrations.


3.   Later Emigrant Theory (ca 1757) -- The Philip Edleman, who was naturalized in Baltimore Co., Maryland (1757) and conveyed some 15 acres to Daniel Adleman (1761) could have been a father or brother to Daniel Adleman. Daniel Adleman himself, could have been the early German emigrant of his line.


Each of these theories will be discussed, along with available supporting data. For organizational purposes in this book, Daniel Adleman has been positioned as the son of emigrant-1. It is clear that further research will have to be continued on this branch of the Addleman family in America. The supporting data was provided as factually as possible, in order to facilitate future research.



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EARLY EMIGRANT THEORY


   A family of Edelman emigrants departed Zweibrueken, Germany (Rott & Steinselz/Alsace) in 1733 for Philadelphia. Their names and ages were noted in Table 1 as: David (49), Anna Maria (54), Philip Jacob (25), Margaretha (26), Baltasar (4), Anna Elizabeth (Edelman) Bauser (20) and Mathes Bewser (22). They came from the village Steinselz, which was near the larger city of Cleeburg. They arrived on the Ship Richard & Elizabeth on 28 September 1733.


   Riley R. Eddleman, Ph.D., identified several Edelmans that lived in Montgomery Co., Pennsylvania for a number of years. He also reported that several are buried in the Lower Saucon Lutheran Church cemetery in Williams Township, Northampton Co., Penn. The following quotations were taken from his book.

"David Edelman and his wife Anna Catherina Koffelt grew up in the villages of Rott and Cleeburg of the Zweibrucken area of the Palatinate, now the old Pfalz state of Germany. He was born in 1684 and she in 1679. They had a son Filb (Philip) Jacob (1708-1795)."

"Jacob Filb Edelman and his wife Margaretha were hop growers in Steinselz Sweibrucken of the Palatinate in the Moselle and Rhine Valley area which is now known as Alsace Lorraine. . . . Jacob Filb was born in 1707 and his wife Margaretha was born the next year. . . . They were married in this Lutheran Church in the late 1720s. Maria Margretha was the daughter of Simon Wenner and Maria Dorothea Byerfalck Wenner.

" . . . On 1 July 1733 they together with their young son Balthasar, Jacob's parents David and Anna Catharine, and Jacob's sister Maria Esther, all left Steinselz for Rotterdam via a Rhine River boat. By August they were on the North Sea on the Ship Richmond [Richard] and Elizabeth. On 29 Aug. 1733 a second son, Johan Pieter, was born at sea and on 28 Sept. 1733 they reached Philadelphia. The Oaths of Allegiance in 1733 show the following ages: Philip Jacob 25, David 49, Margaretha 26, Anna Maria 54, Balthasar 4, Maria Esther 14. I found the signature of Philip (Filb) on the ship roster. David the father made his mark."


   Even though Dr. Eddleman limited his research to his direct line, he provided important information from which future research may be conducted. This family's names and locations are strikingly similar to some of those associated with Daniel Adleman. The names of the other siblings will have to be researched before it will be possible to rule out this branch of Edelmans as a potential family connection to Daniel Adleman.


[1998 INSERT: William Eddleman has modified his deceased uncle Riley R. Eddleman's late 1970's research and presents the following. For further information, email Bill at: weddlema@biology.semo.edu.


1. Our Eddleman line descends from JOHN EDDLEMAN of Lincoln Co., NC and Maury Co., TN.

2. There is no proof that DAVID EDELMANN of Alsace was an ancestory of Riley Eddleman, as once theorized.

3. The lower Saucon Church Edelmann family lived their entire lives in PA and are not ancestors of Riley Eddleman.]


[Nov., 2000 INSERT: William Eddleman, Ph.D. is now 95% convinced that the signatures of Filb Jacob Edelmann and Philip Jacob Addleman are the same and that Daniel Addleman is the son of German immigrant Philip Jacob Addleman.]


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COLLATERAL FAMILY THEORY


   When a direct family line of research has not been informative, it is sometimes beneficial to look at the indirect. In this case, the close family friends and/or members of the collateral family. The Shupe (Shoup) and Ungefare (Uncapher) families seem to have had a close relationship to this branch of Addlemans. Both William H. Eddleman (Dorchester, MA., ca 1952) and Frank Shoup (Leechburg, PA, 1989) have identified a possible relationship between these close friends and/or collateral families.


   In the William Eddleman Collection (Genealogical Society of Penn., Philadelphia 1977), the following was filed under Virginia:


"Based on correspondence with Mrs. Wilson a George Uncapher (b. Oct. 1772) a descendent of a Martin Ungefer married a Catharine Edelman [in] circa 1793-1794. They moved to Pa. 1799 after having lived in Lovettsville [, Virginia] a few years. The writer refers to "Uncapher Family" by Russell H. Butler. The family is to have been located in Lancaster and Indiana Counties . . . .


"Genealogy of Uncapher and Unkefer Families, Russell Harris Butler (n.d. -- abstract W.E.):


[1.]   "George Uncapher oldest son of Philip was born Oct. 1772 m. to Catharine Eddleman of Lovettsville     Va.

[2.]   Philip Uncapher leases 117 acres in 1786 from George William Fairfax a part of the Piedmont Parcel in     Shelburn Parish. Lease for the lives of Philip and his two sons George and John. Deed Book P. pg. 137.

[3.]   George & Catharine move to Westmoreland County 1799, eventually they buy 270 acre farm in     Washington Twsp near village of Salina. George d. 3/12/1834 at age 62. Catharine (Eddleman) Uncapher     d. 4/15/1855 both buried in St. James Cemetery, Salina, Pa [Wm. Eddleman: Virginia notes]."


   In a 1989 query to The Addleman Quarterly, Frank R. Shoupe wrote the following:


" . . . There was a Daniel Addleman on the tax roles of Loudoun Co. VA in the 1780's and an administration filed for him in the courthouse there about 1796 or so. In this same area lived the Ungerfehr/Uncapher family and in 1794 George Uncapher married a Catherine Eddleman and they were members of the New Jerusalem Church in Lovettsville, VA. Also living nearby near Harper's Ferry in VA or MD was my ggg-gf Henry Shoup with his wife Mary Ann, last name unknown at this time. The latter is the reason for my inquiry.


"In 1801, Henry Shoup and his family settled in Derry Twp., Westmoreland Co. PA. I do not know if they came in lock step but the George Uncapher family soon resided on an adjoining farm. In 1804, there were papers filed in the Westmoreland Co. courthouse naming Henry Shoup as administrator for the estate of a Daniel Addleman with George Uncapher as surety. I do not know if this was an extension of the estate from VA or that there was another Daniel Addleman, perhaps a son of the one named in the first paragraph; no papers survive to show what became of the PA administration.


"Henry Shoup died in 1832 and George Uncapher was named administrator of his estate but before the legal niceties were completed, George himself died so two of his (George's) sons finished the business on the Shoup estate. I am writing this just to illustrate how closely these families were entwined.


"I think the Eddleman spelling for the lady George Uncapher married is, in this case at least, an alternate of Addleman. It seems undeniable that very close bonds existed among the Addleman/Eddleman, Uncapher and Shoup families in this time period. My interest is in finding out how. I suspect that George U. and Henry S. were related by marriage and that tie was made through the Addleman/Eddleman Family."


   Mr. K. Page Boyer (Chicago 1990), another Addleman/Uncapher researcher, summarized the following:


" . . . I can document everything in my research (birth/marriage/death dates and places) back through Catherine Eddleman (born 5 Oct. 1774 in Lovettsville, VA/married 1794 in Lovettsville, VA/died 15 Apr. 1855 in Loyalhannah, Westmoreland County, PA) and George Uncapher (born 8 Oct. 1772 in Lovettsville, Va/married 1794 in Lovettsville, VA/died 12 Mar. 1834 in Loyalhannah, Westmoreland County, PA -- his estate is on file at the Westmoreland County Court House). I can document some land purchases by George's father (Philip Unkefere born 1749 in either Maryland or Virginia) in Fairfax County, Virginia (Loudoun County was formed from Fairfax County in 1757), Also, I have documented portions of the life of George's grandfather and Philip's father (also George Ungerfehr); he died Feb. 1764 in Heidelberg, York County, PA. His estate is on file at the York County Court House.


"However, I knew nothing of Catherine Eddleman's parents. I believe that Daniel Addleman is Catherine's uncle and that William -- Catherine's father, is therefore Daniel's brother. . . . I also have a feeling that Daniel and William were the brothers of Philip Addleman -- who, according to your letter, was naturalized in 1757. It looks like all three started in Baltimore County, MD, moved to Carroll County, MD, next to Loudoun County, VA, and then on into PA [Greene Co.]. . . . "


   Robert Barnes recorded an early Ungefare entry in his book on Baltimore County Families.


"UNGEFARE, JOHN MARTIN, planter of Balto. Co., and a native of High Germany, was naturalized on 4 June 1738 with his children: GEORGE; FRANCIS; AND CATHERINE (303:57)."


   Frank R. Shoupe also sent a plot-map of the early Shupes (John and Henry) and a Peter Edelman. It stated, "A Draught of a tract of Land Situate in Heidleburg Township in the County of Lancaster containing 237 acres. Surveyed for Jacob Fisher in pursuance of a Proprietary Warrant dated the 5th of May 1752." This map shows that the early Shupes were neighbors with an Edelman in 1752. Coincidentally, George Ungerfehr was reported to have died in Heidleburg, York Co., Penn. in Feb., 1764. York County was created from Lancaster County in 1749, but it is unclear whether these are two different locations or the same place.


   A list of known dates, places and names was created to show the possibility of trends. Table 3 shows that John and Henry Shupe, Peter Edelman and George Ungerfehr were all in Penn., between 1758-1764. In the Maryland section, Philip Adleman, Daniel Edelman, Adam Edelman, Michael Addlemon and John Martin Ungefare were located. In the Virginia section, Daniel and his wife Elizabeth can be noted with their sons, Philip and John. It can be seen that Catherine Eddleman (son of William) married George Uncapher. Finally, the next phase of the migration occurred when the Addleman, Shoup and Uncapher families moved to southwestern Penn.


   These excerpts were reprinted to demonstrate the differing perspectives and the valuable information that can be derived from descendants of collateral families. Information was taken from a variety of sources and condenced into the following format.


   There are obviously several migratory trends that existed during 1758-1800. It is a speculation that many early German settlers followed the same route from Lancaster and York Counties, Penn. to Maryland. In reality, York County was on the border with Maryland and the disputes about taxation caused many to continue southward. In the History of Western Maryland, J. Thomas Scharf commented:


"It was, however, in the western portion of the State that the first considerable settlement of German refugees was made. In common with the neighboring province of Pennsylvania, Maryland was the favorite goal of the Protestants, who were forced to flee from the relentless persecution which "devastated some of the fairest portions of France and Germany in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. . . . At first the German immigrants settled in the vicinity of Philadelphia, but gradually advancing westward, soon spread over the southern counties of Pennsylvania, and crossed the border into Maryland. . . .The Germans who had settled chiefly in the vicinity of Lancaster and York drifted westward and southward, dotting the fertile country with smiling and thrifty settlements, and as early as 1748 had taken possession of many valuable tracts along the Monocacy River and the Catoctin Creek.


"About 1732 and subsequently the people living along the border in Pennsylvania and Maryland became involved in a serious quarrel, arising out of the boundary difficulties. . . . At this time Lancaster County embraced the present boundaries of York, Adams, Franklin, Cumberland, and Perry Counties, or, in other words, the whole of Pennsylvania bordering on Western Maryland. The boundary between Maryland and Pennsylvania had not been accurately defined as yet, and the absence of such "definition gave rise to serious disputes, which are treated more at length in this work in the chapter on "boundaries." A large number of Germans had settled in what is now York County, Pa., under Pennsylvania titles, but in order to avoid paying taxes imposed by that province they accepted titles from Lord Baltimore [but ultimately equivocated their allegiance between Pennsylvania and Maryland]."


June Niewoehner speculated about seeing some variations in the spelling of the Addleman name in a 1989 letter. She wrote, ". . . I remembered a tombstone I saw years ago in Manchester, Carroll Co., MD. It was in the German Lutheran Cemetery." She reported finding the names of Philip Edelman and David Edelman. She submitted the following from the Manchester Bicentennial, 1765-1976, (ca 1760):


" . . . While it is uncertain as to the origin of these first settlers of Manchester, it is probable that they came from York County in Pennsylvania. Most of the early German Immigrants to the United States in the 18th century landed in Philadelphia; but since Philadelphia was largely settled by the English, the Germans pushed westward into York County. In the middle of the 18th century there was a land dispute between the States of Pennsylvania and Maryland, and Maryland, and the people in the border areas, especially around Connewago (Hanover) were taxed by both states. It is probable, though not certain, the early German immigrants came to the Manchester area from York County to escape such double taxation. The conversion of the Indian trail into a wagon trail about 1737 made the migration easier, and Lord Baltimore's liberal policy of acquisition of the rich land made the migration more attractive."


   Frank R. Shoupe (Leechburg, PA) finally speculated that his theory concerning a possible Shupe/Edelman connection may not have been valid.


"I think that I mentioned in my last letter to you that a Shoup researcher from Chicago thinks very strongly that ggg gf Henry Shoup was married to a Mary Ann Willard rather than a Mary Ann Edelman that I had theorized. When time and circumstances permit I will make a return run to Winchester, VA for another search. If this turns out to be true, I don't know where this leave me with Henry Shoup doing an Administration for Daniel Addleman around 1801 or so. I suspect Daniel Addleman was the one who had died in Loudoun Co. VA and Henry did the honors for George Uncapher whose wife was an Edelman. I don't know!"


At this time, the collateral family theory appears to have more credibility than the previous theory. There does seem to be a link between the Shoupes, Uncaphers and Eddlemans. Later on we know that George Uncapher (Jr.) married Catherine Eddleman ca 1794, in Lovettsville, Loudoun Co., Virginia. There is also a strong implication that Henry Shoupe was a collateral family member in either York Co., Penn., or Baltimore Co., Maryland. Another Shoup researcher commented, "My 25 year-old Shoup collection of three three-ring binders contains a lot of Shoups of all spellings, not (at least so far) connected to mine." Until more information is available, the theories will have to remain 'weighted' with existing evidence but without a definite conclusion.


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Table 3





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UNCAPHER FAMILY

   "ALBERT FRANCE UNCAPHER, one of the successful farmers and stock raisers of Blacklick township, Indiana county, has lived there all his life. His family is of Holland Dutch extraction, and its early representatives in this country settled in Virginia.

   "George Uncapher, the grandfather of Albert F. Uncapher, was from Culpeper, Va., and was young when he came to Pennsylvania, settling in Loyalhanna township (which was then a part of Derry township), Westmoreland county, where he followed farming. He was a pioneer in the section. Besides farming, he owned and operated a tannery and a distillery (for years engaging in distilling), and also manufactured salt. Cabinetmaking was another line of work he learned and followed. In addition to his property in Westmoreland county he owned 600 acres in Ohio, near what is now Marion. He was a successful man, and active to the end of his life, dying at the age of sixty-three years on his farm in Westmoreland county. He married [Catherine Eddleman], and he and his wife became the parents of ten children: John settled in Revenna, Ohio, where he died; Solomon settled in Marion, Ohio, where he died; Elizabeth married Michael Myers, and resided in Loyalhanna township; Daniel is mentioned below; Israel settled in the State of Indiana; Joseph settled near Marion, Ohio; Philip settled in Marseilles, Ohio; Andrew settled in Marseilles, Ohio; Isaac settled in Marion, Ohio; Margaret married Robert Henderson and settled in Marion, Ohio.

   "Daniel Uncapher, son of George, was born in 1805 in Loyalhanna township, Westmoreland Co., Pa. What schooling he received was obtained in the subscription schools of that period, and he began work at an early age with his father on the homestead, under his able direction learning farming, distilling and tanning. He was engaged in those lines until 1837, when he "came to Indiana county, locating in Blacklick township, on the Conemaugh river, on a tract of 132 acres on which was a tanner and which he received in exchange for the home in Loyalhanna township. Here he settled with his family, and he gave most of his attention to tanning, selling the products of the tannery to the country trade. The remainder of his life was spent on the farm, and his son Albert cared for him in his declining years. He died Dec. 17, 1889, and is buried in the Livermore cemetery. . . . He married Elizabeth Keener, a native of Conemaugh township, who died on the homestead and was buried in the Livermore cemetery, in Westmoreland county. Children as follows were born to Mr. and Mrs. Uncapher: John is mentioned below. Isaac died on the farm. George is a farmer in Valley Falls, Kans. William, who was a carpenter and contractor and builder, died in St. Louis, Mo. Margaret died on the homestead. Thomas Benton, who spent some years in Kansas, farming, now resides on the farm with his brother Albert. Albert France is mentioned below. Elizabeth was educated in Blacklick township, at the Indianna State normal school, and at Ann Arbor, Mich., University, where she graduated in medicine; after practicing for a time in Allegheny City, Pa., she gave up her practice there on account of her health and went to Houston, Texas, where she practiced medicine up to the time of her death, in 1909; she was buried in Livermore cemetery.

   "Capt. John Uncapher, son of Daniel and Elizabeth (Keener) Uncapher, was born in Loyalhanna township, Westmoreland county, and was only one year old when he came to Blacklick township. Here he grew to manhood. Going West, he was a pioneer settler in Kansas, and he lived in Topeka when the strife between slavery and antislavery was on. . . . He was a soldier with Gen. Jim Lane in Kansas during the border troubles previous to the Civil war. At the breaking out of the Civil war Mr. Uncapher enlisted in Company E, 11th Pennsylvania Reserves, and participated in all the battles in which that regiment was engaged. He was wounded and taken prisoner at Gaines's Mill, and again wounded at the battle of Fredericksburg and taken prisoner. He was confined in Libby prison and at Belle Isle, and during his captivity was promoted to sergeant of his company. Returning from the war at the expiration of his term of enlistment he became engaged in the mercantile business which he carried on until his death, in Blacklick township. He was captain of Company D, 10th Pa. National Guard, for three years. He was married in 1875 to Annie M. Ewing, of St. Petersburg, Pa., and to them the following children were born: Lonie May, who married F. M. Smith; Mary Elizabeth, who died when Seventeen years old; Agnes, who died when six years old; George, who died when between twelve and sixteen years old; and William Ewing, who now makes his home with his uncle Albert in Blacklick township.

   "Albert F. Uncapher was born in Blacklick township and received his education in the local schools. He grew to manhood on the home place, working with his father, and in time became interested in farming and stock raising with his brother Isaac, the brothers operating a tract of 300 acres. Since the death of his brother Mr. Uncapher has continued to operate the home farm, and he has done well, his progressive disposition and high standards showing in his work. . . . He has served his town as treasurer for six years, and also as school director for six years. He is a member of the Presbyterian Church at Livermore, Pa [and a Republican]."



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LATER EMIGRANT THEORY


   The most obvious conclusion, for a later emigrant theory, would be that Daniel Adleman himself was the emigrant from Germany. The earliest documentation shows him ca 1760 in Manchester, Carroll County (previously Baltimore County), Maryland. One problem with this theory is the lack of documentation on a ship's list of emigrants. This would tend to suggest that he was possibly born in the United States, had his first name recorded on a ship's list and not his middle name, or some other unknown explanation.

   A second possibility is that Philip Edelman, who was also in Baltimore Co., Maryland was the father of Daniel. The 1957 naturalization papers must be analized to determine if there was more than one Philip Edelman/Adleman. The Addleman Quarterly published an excerpt by Robert W. Barnes in the Jan/Mar issue, 1990:

   "Robert W. Barnes wrote "ADLEMAN, PHILIP, in Balto. Co. by 1750 as owner of 50 a. of Murphy's Retirement; as Philip Edleman, nat. in 1757; m. Margaret (?) by 1761; . . .conv. 178 a. New Germany to Phillip Baker, and 15 a. Shilling's Folly and part Phillipsburg to Daniel Adleman (84; 153; 404)."

   Another notation from a chapter called "Baltimore County debt book - 1754," states: "Philip Addleman - Phillips Bough." An article was also placed in a 1950 issue of Your Family Tree by Mary Lois Smith (Marion, Ohio).

   "150. EDDLEMAN (EIDDEMAN)-UNCAPHER. Desire data of Catherine Eddleman (Eiddeman) b. 5 Oct. 1774, Lovettsville, Loudon Co., Va. In 1794, Md. Geo. Uncapher (b. 8 Oct. 1772, Lovettsville; d. 12 Mar 1834, Saltsburg, Pa.) Catherine d. 15 Apr. 1855, Westmoreland Co., Pa. Her father was Wm. Eiddeman known to have been living on a plantation near Lovettsville, "Va., 1810. Would like correspondence with Eddleman family."

   David and Daniel Edelman's names appear next to each other in the Manchester, Baltimore County, Maryland church records (see Table 4). Considering the above, an interpreted relationship can be implied from existing documentation that Daniel Adleman, William Eddleman (Eiddeman), David Edleman and Philip Adleman may all have been in the same family.



Table 4





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DISCUSSION


   It seems clear that our first task should be to try to identify the Edelman/Adelman families that lived in Lancaster and York Co, Penn., Baltimore and Carroll Co's., Maryland and Loudoun Co., Virginia. Our second task then is to gather data and weight the evidence in terms of the theories.

   We don't know what relationship Peter Edelman in Heidleburg Twp., Lancaster Co. (1752), Penn., had to the other Edelmans. Since he was a neighbor to the Shupes, we can assume they probably were friends. We can also assume that Peter Edelman might have had some relationship to later Edelmans that lived near the Shoupes. The Ungefares were also reported in Heidleburg Twp., but the county had changed to York in 1764. Later on (1794), William's daughter Catherine married George Uncapher (Jr.) in or around Lovettsville, Loudoun Co., Virginia. Finally, when Daniel Adleman died intestate, Henry Shoupe was appointed the administrator of the estate (1804). George Uncapher was appointed the administrator for Henry Shoup when he died in 1834. It's obvious that the close relationship between the these three families continued through four migrations.

   There isn't enough evidence to separate out which theory may apply the most towards the origin of Daniel's branch of the Addleman family. We can speculate that the similarity in names could be significant for the 1733 Edelman emigrants, but that in itself is not enough. Dr. Riley Eddleman's research indicated this group of Edelmans were indentured and lived in Northampton (later Lehigh) County, Penn., during the period 1733-1768. In the latter year they migrated to Rowan Co., North Carolina. The collateral family theory provides more data beginning in northeastern and ending in southwestern Pennsylvania. The border between Penn., and Maryland was in turmoil with double taxation existing for many early Germans. They migrated to Maryland and eventually to Virginia. Again, land disputes kept many settlers from moving to southwestern Penn., until the Mason-Dixon line settled the arguments. Once this was settled, they migrated to the new lands. It seems probable that this sequence of events effected the early Edelmans/Shoupes/Uncaphers. Finally, it seems possible but doubtful that Daniel Adleman was the immigrant of this branch of the family. The available data seems to support both the first two theories. The data also implies a collateral family closeness but a final conclusion will have to await some future researcher, who will again take up these early research tasks.


NEW RESEARCH


It now appears that some data from all the above theories have some credibility, but PHILIP EDELMANN now appears to have stronger acceptance for being the father of DANIEL EDELMANN.


Bill Eddleman (weddleman@biology.semo.edu) sent the following email on 17 Nov 2000:


   " Do you happen to have a signature of Daniel's from any documents from Virginia? I have at least one signature of a Daniel from the Maryland deeds. We have suspected this Daniel was the same one, but a comparison of signatures might clinch this suspicion. I am 95% certain the Philip Addleman/Edelmann/Idleman who sold land to David Eddleman and Daniel Eddleman was the same man who arrived on the Richard & Elizabeth after comparing the signatures on the Maryland deeds with the ship's passenger lists."


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Hypothetical Projected Families


   The available documentation on Daniel Adleman's father is very limited, to say the least, but two projected families have been created below. Using the collateral family theory, Peter Edelman has been placed as the immigrant in the first projection. The second projection has Philip Adleman as a father. Of course, both are speculative and needs to be validated by continued research. These family projections are simply for future researchers to prove or disprove. It seems probable that there was more than one Edelman family in Baltimore County, Maryland, as well as later in Lovettsville, Loudoun County, Virginia.

[1.] Immigrant-1: [PETER EDELMAN-1] PETER EDELMAN, emig <1752, L 1752 (Heidleburg Twp., Lancaster Co., PA); m (unk), Children:

   1M   PHILIP, L (Baltimore Co., MD)

   2M   WILLIAM, L ca 1772-1810 (near Lovettsville, Loudoun Co., VA); m (unk), Children:

     2.1F CATHERINE, b 5 Oct 1774 (Lovettsville, Loudoun Co., VA); m GEO. UNCAPHER

   3M   DAVID, L 1762 (Baltimore Co., MD)

   4M   DANIEL, b (unk), L (ca 1760 (Manchester, Carroll Co., MD), 1761 (Baltimore Co., MD) & 1765     (Sherburne Parish, Cameron Parish & Lovettsville, Loudoun Co., VA)); m ELIZABETH


or


[2.] Immigrant-1: [PHILIP EDLEMAN/ADLEMAN-1] PHILIP JACOB ADLEMAN, b (Steinselz, Germany), emig (28 Sep 1733 Richard & Elizabeth), naturalized in 1757, L (1750 (Baltimore Co., MD); m MARGARET WENNER, Children: [RESEARCH: weddlema@biology.semo.edu]

   1M   WILLIAM, L ca 1772-1810 (near Lovettsville, Loudoun Co., VA); m (unk), Children:

       1.1F CATHERINE, b 5 Oct 1774 (Lovettsville, Loudoun Co., VA); m GEO. UNCAPHER

   2M   DAVID, L 1762 (Baltimore Co., MD); m CATHERINE/KATHERINE

   3M   DANIEL, b (unk), L (ca 1760 (Manchester, Carroll Co., MD), 1761 (Baltimore Co., MD) & 1765     (Sherburne Parish, Cameron Parish & Lovettsville, Loudoun Co., VA)); m ELIZABETH

   4F   LURANIA (?); m PHILIP BAKER (poss son-in-law?)

   5F   MARGARET, b 1761; m GEORGE MOYERS/MYERS (poss son-in-law?) [George's poss m2 in     1766 was BARBARA]


[NOTE: Bill Eddleman (weddleman@biology.semo.edu) is clarifying land record research in Maryland and theorizing on possible family relationships. Philip Idleman/Adleman conveyed land to David & Daniel Idleman, Philip Baker & George Moyers/Myers. He has theorizedon 29 Apr 1998 that this may suggest a family relationship.]


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(SEE PART II: DANIEL'S FAMILY.)



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